Integration by me

Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.

Category: Bridge

Responder's direct cuebid

Responder’s direct cuebid is a disputed and under-discussed topic. There are two popular usages of this bid:

  • Limit raise or better
  • Generic game force

I suggest different approaches to major and minor openings.

After a major opening

The cuebid is a limit raise or better. From the pigeonhole principle, you have either of these:

  • 3-card support
  • 5-card unbid suit
  • 4-4 unbid suits
  • 4-card adverse suit

The promise of a fit clears the way for finding a game. Other calls better describe game-forcing hands without 3-card support.

  • 5-card unbid suit: free bid
  • 4-4 unbid: negative double
  • 4-card adverse suit: 3NT

After a minor opening

We make the cuebid a versatile tool to combine the advantages of popular treatments.

According to the previous section, you can have an embarrassing strong hand with no 4-card support, no biddable side suit, and no stopper in the adverse suit. Imagine holding the following hand at 1♣-(1♠)-?

♠ xxx
♣ Axx

You could have bid 3NT if RHO did not overcall, but you cannot now because there is no spade stopper. You are wary of passing because 3NT is still playable if your partner has a spade stopper. Ask for one with 2♠.

Besides, we can keep the limit raise. Your partner is eager to show a stopper as notrump games score more than minor games. Including the limit raise in the cuebid does not affect the bidding structure.

Inverted minors considered harmful with strong notrump

I have been researching on Wbridge5, a prominent bridge program. I used to be confused that it disables inverted minors by default. Recently I came up with a conclusion.

Wbridge5 opens strong notrump by default, so this treatment is disabled. Wbridge5 still includes inverted minors because weak notrump is a choice.

Inverted minors originated from Kaplan–Sheinwold. It is popular in East and Southeast Asia because of Precision Club, a bidding system based on K-S with the strong club that inherits the weak notrump opening.

Nowadays, many players open strong notrump according to something American. However, some of them still employ inverted minors. It has pros easily found by searching “inverted minors.” Hence, I list its cons as a balance report.

Garbage 1NT response

The weakness of inverted minors is not on itself but the 1NT response adjusted by the inverted minors. The 1NT response shows either of the following:

Constructive 1NT
Expected 6+ tricks if both minimum.
Garbage 1NT
Expected only 5 tricks if both minimum.

When the partner opens 1♠, 1, or 1, not to miss a probable game, the garbage 1NT is on. Overcalls invalidate inverted minors, so their counteractions fall out of the topic.

Without inverted minors, a 1NT response to 1♣ is always constructive. Respond 2♣ with a weak 3-3-3-4 because the opener often has 4+ clubs.

If 1♣ ensures 3+ clubs
With minimum strength, the probability of mere 3 clubs is 21.5%.
If 1♣ can be 4-4-3-2
With minimum strength, the probability of mere 3 clubs is 20.4%, 4-4-3-2 5.19%.

Weak 4-card support dumped as garbage

Express 5-card support as 3 level preempts. Nevertheless, 1NT with weak 4-card support is much less preemptive. Is there so much difference between 2 of a minor and 1NT, as 1NT is just one or two bids lower? Let’s consider the following.

  1♣ - 1NT
X1 - -2 ?

The point is not whether to escape, but the positive pass. Notrump is awful for the declarer, with 6.06 tricks taken on average. 1NTxS−3 is more tragic than 3NTE= without favorable vulnerability. Besides, the total notrump tricks may be less than 13.

If we responded 2♣ instead, east must have clubs to pass, and the lowest positive advance becomes 2NT. Preemption is force opponents to bid strong hands high. Although 2♣ is only one bid higher than 1NT, it pushes pass and cuebid onto 2NT.

  1. Takeout double 

  2. Convert to business double